Since Ayurveda believes that a disease is caused due to imbalance in doshas in the body, it recommends a nutritious diet to correct the imbalance and treat the disease. Exercises and necessary change in life style are needed for a speedy and permanent solution to the problems. There are four main classifications of management of disease in Ayurveda: shodan, or cleansing; shaman or palliation; rasayana, or rejuvenation; and satvajaya, or mental hygiene.
Ayurveda and the 3 Gunas
According to the ayurveda, medicines and foods are sattvic, rajasic or tamasic or a combination of these gunas.The gunas are three fundamental attributes that represent the natural evolutionary process through which the subtle becomes gross. In turn, gross objects, by action and interaction among themselves, may again become subtle. Thus the three gunas are defined as:
Sattva, Raja, Tama
Ayurveda and the 3 Doshas
In Ayurveda, different people with the same disease sometimes receive different diets and herbal plans. Each person's constitution and the imbalance found in each individual are taken into account.
With Ayurveda, we acknowledge that beneficial daily habits are different for each person, because each person is a unique combination of the 3 fundamental biological principles, which are called "Doshas": Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Everybody has all 3 energies - although people experience each of them to a lesser or greater degree.
Ayurvedic treatment uses drugs, medicated oils or powder made from natural herbs and plants as a result there is no side-effects unlike other systems of medicines.
Along with medicine, proper diet, exercise and living style is also advised. This is equally important. If we are taking a medicine to remove the root cause and at the same time we are taking some food or following a life style which is increasing the cause of disease, then we may not get well or will be getting less relief. In addition to these Panchakarma and Yoga therapy can be very safely used to promote good health, prevent diseases and acquire longevity.