Common Gynecological Problems: Poly cystic ovarian disease- PCOD
Poly cystic ovary disease or syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder in which many benign cysts form on the ovaries. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that result from ovulation cycles. It is most common in women in their twenties and late teens.
Imbalance of the LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) hormones prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg each month. The ovaries produce more of the male hormone testosterone. They continue to produce estrogen but not progesterone.
Here are the symptoms of PCOD
- Women with polycystic ovaries start having menstrual periods at a normal age. After a year or two of regular menstruation, the periods become quite irregular and infrequent.
- Irregular menstrual periods, long cycles - periods may occur once in 2- 3 months.
- The flow during the period is scanty or very heavy
- excessive hair on the upper lip, chin, chest and lower abdomen
- Severe acne before period
- Tenderness and or pain in the breasts can indicate simultaneous cysts in the breasts.
- Obesity may be a resultant condition
- Some women may have difficulty conceiving, and some cases may lead to infertility. Many women with PCOD have no trouble conceiving though and the condition can improve post delivery.
Confirmed diagnosis is through an ultrasound scan and blood tests to check hormone levels
Medication is given to regulate the cycles. The medication does not contain hormones or steroids. Within 2-5 months of beginning medication, the cycles start to be regular. The periods are tracked and the treatment is tapered down as they get regular. The other effects, like acne, cysts in the breasts, and hormonal imbalance improve simultaneously.